Ukraine`s Choice European Association Agreement Or Eurasian Union

The agreement requires regular summits between the President of the European Council and the President of Ukraine. Members of the Council of the European Union and the Cabinet of Ukrainian Ministers are also scheduled to meet regularly, as well as members of the European Parliament and the Ukrainian Parliament, as well as other officials and experts from both sides. The parties will gradually establish a free trade area known as the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (ACFTA), over a maximum transitional period of 10 years from the time the agreement comes into force. [187] On 29 July 2013, Russia banned the importation of chocolate products from the Ukrainian company Roshen and asked Belarus and Kazakhstan to follow suit. A Russian health official said the company had failed to meet quality and safety standards, but critics said the ban was seen as a warning against closer cooperation between Ukraine and the EU. At the time, Roshen`s owner (and the future president of Ukraine), Petro Poroshenko, was considered pro-European. [206] On 14 August 2013, Russian Federal Customs officials began to carry out stricter inspections of shipments arriving from Ukraine than they would normally be. [207] This lasted until 20 August 27, 2013,[208] and was followed by statements by the Chief Economic Adviser of the Russian President, Sergei Glazyev, who argued that the effects of the Russian response to Ukraine`s signing of the agreement, including tariffs and trade controls, could lead to a default of payment , a decline in living standards and “political and social unrest” in Ukraine and would be contrary to the Russian-Ukrainian Treaty of Strategy and Friendship. This last point, he warned, would mean that the state of Ukraine could not be guaranteed by Russia, which could intervene in the country at the request of pro-Russian regions.

[209] [211] [211] [212] The political provisions of the treaty were signed on 21 March 2014, after a series of events that blocked their ratification led to a revolution in Ukraine and the fall of Viktor Yanukovych, then President-in-Office of Ukraine. [11] This fall was caused by Yanukovych`s last-minute refusal to sign the agreement. Instead, Russia, Ukraine`s second-largest trading partner, presented a link to the existing customs union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan as an alternative. [13] [14] After March 21, 2014, trade integration issues were temporarily suspended (pending the outcome of the Ukrainian presidential elections on 25 May 2014) until the European Union and new Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on 27 June 2014 signed the economic component of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union[2], which is the “first step” Ukraine`s move towards EU membership. [15] While the signing of a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade agreement between Ukraine and the EU began in 1999,[188] formal negotiations between the Ukrainian government and the EU Trade Commissioner did not begin until 18 February 2008. [189] In May 2011, three issues remain unresolved in the free trade agreement: Ukrainian grain export quotas, access to the EU services market and geographical names of Ukrainian raw materials. Beyond these issues, the agreement was ready. [190] Despite these outstanding issues, Ukraine was ready to sign the agreement at present. Although Ukraine wanted stronger wording of the eu`s enlargement prospects and market access for its truckers, Ukraine had more than many other candidates at the same stage of the process. The final agreement was signed on July 19, 2012. [191] The ratification of the DCFTA was blocked by the EU due to concerns about the rule of law in Ukraine. [42] [43] [44] These include the application of selective justice and the modification of the right to vote.

As a result, the role of Ukrainian oligarchs in sanctioning the agreement has also been called into question. [192] Kostiantyn Yelisieiev, Ukraine`s ambassador to the EU, reacted in February 2013 by rejecting all EU preconditions for signing the AA. [46] However, on 22 f