Methane Agreement In Tamil Nadu

With regard to methane extraction projects from the lignite bed in Mannargudi, the Centre, through the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH), has launched methane data extraction measures. The Coal Methane (CBM) project, the first project in the series of methane and hydrocarbon explorations in the Cauvery Belt, was first proposed by T.R. Baalu, a DMK leader who was minister of the Oil Union in 1996-98. In October 2018, Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan signed an oil extraction agreement in Nagapattinam and Chidambaram with Vedanta Limited and the NGOC. [9] Farmers in the region rejected the agreement and burned an effigy of Pradhan. [10] Take Reliance Industries( RIL) coal bed methane facility in the Shogapur block of Madhya Pradesh. RIL expects a production of 3.5 mmcmd (million metrics AD of gas) Methane from 2015 and to show its seriousness, the company has even given a performance guarantee for Rs13 crore. It expects the facility to be commissioned by 2015. We should not be surprised that the RIL starts earlier, unless stumbling blocks are created along the way! GEECL has been authorized to study and produce coal methane in the Mannargudi Coal Bed Methane, which comprises 691 sq.km in the districts of Tiruvarur and Thanjavur. On July 29, 2010, the Centre entered into a production-sharing agreement with GEECL, after which the private body asked the government to sanction an oil exploration licence. The Tamil Nadu government said no approval was granted for the coal bed methane exploration project in the Thanjavur and Tiruvarur Delta districts.

The State also called on the Centre to refrain from any new exploration and allied activities throughout the La Cauvery Delta. TN CM Jayalalithaa places his government for poor and steers party policy with opponents of direct investment or other projects such as methane production in Thanjavur. The government recently authorized the exploration and exploitation of all types of hydrocarbons, including shale deposits, under existing coal bed methane contracts. To prevent deaths in gas-intensive deposits, it was customary to drill these seams and inject air to flush out methane. However, Farmers and delta residents saw the project as a real threat to their livelihoods and food security. They felt that research on coal bed methane would seriously harm agricultural activities and staged numerous agitations against the project. In what is considered confirmation of the intense struggle of the peoples, the state government has ordered that no coal and methane exploration projects be allowed in the Delta districts of Thanjavur and Tiruvarur. Recently, the board has signed with subsidiaries, …

The project began in 2009, when the Great Eastern Energy Corporation Ltd (GEECL) centre granted the coal bed mining licence in the Thanjavur area. The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) was then the ruling party in TN. It authorized GEECL in 2011 only to study and detect the presence of methane. The Kaveri Delta Methane And Kaveri Delta Project is a series of projects to extract methane and hydrocarbons from the coal bed by hydraulic fracturing in the Kaveri River basin in Tamil Nadu, India. The support projects met with a number of oppositions from farmers, environmentalists and experts as exploration areas in Nagapattinam, Thanjavur and Thiruvarur districts, which are Tamil Nadu`s main rice-growing region.